Human Spaceflight Fast Facts

(CNN)Here’s a glance at human spaceflight programs within the U . s . States and around the world.

The U . s . States ended its human spaceflight program using the launch of Atlantis on This summer 8, 2011, and landing on This summer 21, 2011.
China and Russia would be the only other nations to possess independent spaceflight abilities.
    India and Iran have both announced their intends to send a manned spacecraft into space.
    October 4, 1957 –
    The Ussr launches Sputnik I, the very first artificial satellite, which starts the “space race” between your Soviets and also the U . s . States.
    October 1, 1958 – The state start of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
    May 25, 1961 – President John F. Kennedy addresses Congress: “First, I have faith that this nation should commit itself to experienceing this goal, before decade has gone out, of landing a guy around the moon and coming back him securely towards the earth. Not one space project within this period could be more impressive to mankind or even more essential for the lengthy-range search for space and none is going to be so hard or costly to complete.Inch
    1958-1963 – NASA’s Project Mercury. Its objectives are:
    – to orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth.
    – to research man’s capability to function wide.
    – to recuperate both man and spacecraft securely.
    April 12, 1961 – Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin may be the first human wide aboard Vostok 1. He spends 108 minutes wide and makes a person orbit round the earth.
    May 5, 1961 – Project Mercury astronaut Alan B. Shepard may be the first American wide aboard Freedom 7. He spends fifteen minutes in sub-orbital flight.
    Feb 20, 1962 – Project Mercury astronaut John Glenn may be the first American to orbit our planet, aboard Friendship 7. He spends four hrs and 55 minutes wide and orbits our planet three occasions.
    1962-1966 – NASA’s Gemini program. Its objectives are:
    – to subject man and equipment to space flight as much as two days in duration.
    – to rendezvous and pier with orbiting vehicles and also to maneuver the docked combination using the target vehicle’s propulsion system.
    – to master ways of entering the climate and landing in a preselected point on land.
    – to achieve more information in regards to the results of weightlessness on crew people and also to record the physiological reactions of crew people during lengthy duration flights.
    June 16, 1963 – Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova may be the first lady wide, aboard Vostok 6. She spends 70 hrs wide and orbits our planet 48 occasions.
    1963 -1972 – NASA’s Apollo program. Its objectives are:
    – to determine we’ve got the technology to satisfy other national interests wide
    – to attain preeminence wide for that U . s . States
    – to do a program of scientific search for the Moon
    – to build up man’s capacity to operate within the lunar atmosphere
    March 18, 1965 – Soviet Alexei Leonov may be the first man just to walk wide.
    June 3, 1965 – Erectile dysfunction White-colored becomes the very first American just to walk wide, during Gemini 4.
    This summer 20, 1969 – Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Jr., and Michael Collins are the initial humans to find the moon. Lance armstrong and Aldrin are the initial just to walk around the moon.
    April 1971 – Salyut, a manned orbiting space lab, is launched through the Ussr.
    1972 – NASA’s Space Shuttle program formally begins in 1972, under President Richard Nixon.
    1973-1974 – NASA’s Skylab program. Three missions are completed, with astronauts spending as many as 171 days wide. Its objectives are:
    – to demonstrate that humans could live and operate in space for longer periods
    – to increase our understanding of solar astronomy well past Earth-based observations
    April 12, 1981 – The Takes Space Shuttle Columbia is the first one to visit space and also the first takes space shuttle to orbit our planet (STS-1).
    June 18-24, 1983 – Sally Ride is first American lady wide aboard mission STS-7.
    The month of january 28, 1986 – The Takes Space Shuttle Challenger explodes, killing the seven astronauts onboard, including Christa McAuliffe, selected because the first teacher wide.
    October 29, 1998 – A 77-years old John Glenn becomes the earliest human ever to enter space, aboard the area Shuttle Discovery.
    April 28, 2001 – Dennis Tito becomes the very first “space tourist,” having to pay $20 million to ride on the Russian rocket to the International Space Station.
    Feb 1, 2003 – The Columbia splits up upon re-entry during mission STS-107, killing all seven crew people. It’s the second lack of a shuttle in 113 shuttle flights.
    October 15, 2003 – Yang Liwei is first Chinese man wide aboard Shenzhou 5.
    This summer 21, 2011 – Using the landing from the 135th and final takes space shuttle mission, the U.S. takes space shuttle program ends.
    June 2012 – China plans to launch the Shenzhou 9, transporting three taikonauts/astronauts, on target to rendezvous with Tiangong-1, a small-space station, within their first manned space docking venture. Two crews get ready for the mission, each having a female crewman Major Liu Wang and Captain Wang Yaping, both Air Pressure fighter pilots.
    June 16, 2012 – China launches Shenzhou 9 having a crew of three, Liu Wang, Jing Haipeng and Liu Yang, in the launch pad at Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in western Gansu province. Liu Wang may be the first female taikonaut to enter space.
    June 11, 2013 – China launch the Shenzhou 10 mission, their fifth and longest crewed space mission, with three crew members: Nie Haisheng, Zhang Xiaoguang and Wang Yaping.
    This summer 29, 2016 – NASA places a purchase with SpaceX for any crewed pursuit to the Worldwide Space Station. It is the 4th and final order within government-funded program that contracts with private companies with the aim of launching astronauts from U.S. soil again. SpaceX has gotten a couple of individuals orders, and Boeing won another two. The 2 information mill likely to launch astronauts over the following a couple of years.

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